Sustainable & Inclusive Growth

In my most recent work on sustainability and inclusion I bring together four themes which have preoccupied me since the late 1970s. The first reflects the historical significance of Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs), a research and intellectual agenda pioneered by one of my mentors Chris Freeman at the Science Policy Research Unit at the University of Sussex. The second has been my ongoing concern with the distributional outcomes of economic growth – what does development mean for the many, who gains and who loses? The third has been my ongoing interest in political economy, an interest forged during my involvement as a political activist in my country of birth, South Africa. The fourth is the recognition of the centrality of climate change and the environmental impact of economic growth so as to ensure sustainable development in the future.

In the list of publications below I highlight what I consider to be my significant contributions to this agenda.


Sustainability Needs Directionality – Prospect Paper, 2023.

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A Holistic Approach to Sustainability

Sustainable Futures – An Agenda for Action, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2021.

The Policy Environment affects Inclusive Growth

’Innovation and Uneven Development – The Challenge for Low- and Middle-Income Economies, Research Policy, 2021. (with E.Kraemer-Mbula)

‘Globalisation, Industrialisation and Sustainable Growth: The Pursuit of the Nth Rent’, Discussion Paper 365, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, 1998.

‘What Contribution Can China Make to Inclusive Growth in Sub-Sahara Development and Growth?’, Development and Change, 46(6), 2013, pp. 1-22.

‘China as a Final Market: The Gabon Timber and Thai Cassava Value Chains’, World Development, Vol. 39, No. 7, pp. 1177-1190, 2011 (with A. Terheggen and J. P. Tijaja).

‘How getting the prices right helped the wrong people’, in Colclough and Manor (eds), States or Markets? Neo-Liberalism and the Development Policy Debate, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1991.

‘If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!: The roots of the East Asian Crisis’, IDS Bulletin, Vol. 30, No. 1, 1999.

‘Health and Development Planning:  Lessons from the People’s Republic of China’, Journal of Development Studies, January 1973. 9:2, 213-232, DOI: 10.1080/00220387308421438. (with S Rifkin).

Green Economic Growth

Sustainable Futures – An Agenda for Action, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2021

Greening Africa’s Industrialization: Economic Report on Africa, 2016, Addis Ababa: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. (Joint authorship)

‘Globalisation, Inequality and Climate Change: What Difference Does China Make?’, Geography Compass, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp 67-78, 2008.

‘Environment, inequality and the internal contradictions of globalisation’, in Wilson, G., P. Furniss and R. Kimbowa (eds.), Environment, Development and Sustainability: Perspectives and cases from around the world, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

ESG Standards affect Inclusion and Social Sustainability

‘Standards, regulation and sustainable development in a global value chain driven world’, International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, Vol. 10, Nos. 3/4,  322-346, 2018. (with M. Morris)

‘What Contribution Can China Make to Inclusive Growth in Sub-Sahara Development and Growth?’, Development and Change, 46(6), pp. 1-22, 2013.

‘Inclusive and Sustainable Growth: The SDG Value Chains Nexus, Framework Paper, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva, 2016.

‘Technological Upgrading in Global Value Chains and Clusters and their Contribution to Sustaining Economic Growth in Low and Middle Income Economies’, Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development Working Paper Series, WP 03/2015. Vienna: United Nations Industrial Development Organization, 2015.

Innovation and Inclusive Development

‘Fostering inclusive innovation for sustainable development’, Pathways for Prosperity Commission Background Paper Series; no. 9. Oxford: United Kingdom,, 2018.

Innovation for Pro-Poor Growth: From Redistribution with Growth to Redistribution through Growth’, in G. A. Cornia and F. Stewart (eds.), Towards Human Development: New Approaches to Macroeconomics and Inequality, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

‘Schumacher meets Schumpeter: Appropriate technology below the radar’, Research Policy, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp.193-203, 2011.

‘Technology for Sustainable Development’ in Machiko Nissanke and Jose Antonio Ocampo (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Development Economics: Critical Reflections on Globalisation and Development, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019.

’Bottom of the pyramid Innovation’ and pro-poor growth in M.A. Dutz, Y. Kuznetsov, E. Lasagabaster and D. Pilat (eds.), Making Innovation Policy Work: Learning from Experimentation, Paris and New York: OECD and The World Bank, 2014.

‘Innovation, Poverty and Inequality: Cause, Coincidence, or Co-evolution?’, in Lundvall, B-A; J K Joseph, C. Chaminade and J. Vang (eds.), Handbook of Innovation Systems and Developing Countries. Building Domestic Capabilities in a Global Context, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (with S. E. Cozzens), 2009.

‘Innovation policy for eco-innovation in developing countries in Africa’, Paper presented to Lundvall symposium ‘Innovation policy – can it make a difference?’, Utzon Center, Aalborg, Denmark,13‐14 March (with R. Kemp, J. A. Adeoti, J. Ndichu, A. E. Obayelu, J. Blohmke and K. Urama, 2014.

‘Diffusion strategy of green technology and green industry in Africa. A study of renewable energy technology market, and energy efficiency adoption in Cassava and Maize processing industries in Kenya and Nigeria’, Final report of study for KEEI and UNIDO, Maastricht: United Nations University (with J. Adeoti, R. Kemp, J. Ndichu, A. E. Obayelu, J. Blohmke and K. Urama), 2013.